INDEPENDENCE thinks, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press is a human right protected by Pancasila, Constitution 1945, and the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The existence of cyber media in Indonesia is also part of freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press.
Cyber media has a special character so that it requires guidelines so that its management can be carried out professionally, fulfill the function, right, and its obligations in accordance with Law Number 40 Year 1999 about the Press and Journalistic Code of Ethics. For this reason, the Press Council together with press organizations, cyber media manager, and the community compiled the Cyber Media Coverage Guidelines as follows:
- Cyber Media is all forms of media that use the internet and carry out journalistic activities, as well as meeting the requirements of the Press Law and Press Company Standards established by the Press Council.
- User Generated Content (User Generated Content) is any content created and or published by cyber media users, among others, items, picture, comment, sound, videos and various forms of uploads attached to cyber media, like a blog, forum, comments of readers or viewers, and other forms.
- News verification and balance
- In principle every news must be verified.
- News that can harm other parties requires verification of the same news to meet the principles of accuracy and balance.
- Provisions in item (A) above is excluded, provided:
- News really contains urgent public interest;
- The first news source is a source that is clearly identified, credible and competent;
- News subjects that must be confirmed are not known and / or cannot be interviewed;
- The media explained to the readers that the news still needed further verification which was made in the shortest possible time. The explanation appears at the end of the same story, in parentheses and use italics.
- After loading the news according to the items (C), the media are obliged to continue verification efforts, and after verification is obtained, the verification results are included in the update news (update) with links to unverified news.
- User Generated Content (User Generated Content)
- Cyber media must include terms and conditions regarding User-Made Content that are not contrary to Law No. 40 year 1999 about the Press and Journalistic Code of Ethics, placed brightly and clearly.
- Cyber media requires every user to register for membership and log-in first to be able to publish all forms of User Generated Content. Provisions regarding log-in will be further regulated.
- In the registration, cyber media requires users to give written consent that User Generated Content is published:
- Does not contain false content, slander, sadistic and obscene;
- Does not contain content that contains prejudice and hatred related to ethnicity, religion, ras, and between groups (SARA), as well as organizing acts of violence;
- Does not contain discriminatory content on the basis of gender and language differences, as well as not demeaning the weak, poor, sick, mental disabilities, or physical disabilities.
- Cyber media has absolute authority to edit or delete User Generated Content that is contrary to the items (C).
- Cyber media is obliged to provide a complaint mechanism for User Generated Content which is deemed to violate the provisions in item (C). Such mechanisms should be provided in a place that is easily accessible to users.
- Cyber media is required to edit, remove, and take corrective action for any User Generated Content that is reported and violates the provisions of the item (C), as soon as possible proportionally at the latest 2 x 24 hours after the complaint is received.
- Cyber media that have met the requirements on the item (A), (B), (C), and (F) is not burdened with responsibility for problems that arise as a result of loading content that violates the provisions in item (C).
- Cyber media is responsible for User Generated Content that is reported if it does not take corrective action after the time limit as stated in item (F).
- Error, Correction, and Right of Reply
- Error, correction, and the right of reply refers to the Press Law, Code of Journalistic Ethics, and the Right to Reply Guidelines established by the Press Council.
- Error, corrections and / or right of reply must be linked to the rectified news, corrected or given the right to reply.
- In each error news, correction, and the right of reply must include the loading time of the corrections, correction, and or the right of reply.
- When a particular cyber media news is disseminated to other cyber media, then:
- The responsibility of the newsmaker cyber media is limited to news published on the cyber media or cyber media under its technical authority.;
- News corrections carried out by a cyber media, it must also be done by other cyber media which quote the corrected news from the cyber media;
- Media that disseminates news from a cyber media and does not make corrections to the news according to what the cyber media owner and / or news maker does, fully responsible for all legal consequences of the news that was not corrected.
- In accordance with the Law of Eq, Cyber media that do not serve the right of reply can be subject to a maximum fine of IDR 500,000,000 (Five hundred million).
- Revocation of News
- News that has been published cannot be revoked for reasons of censorship from outside the editor, except for racial issues, decency, the future of the child, the victim's traumatic experience or based on other special considerations determined by the Press Council.
- Other cyber media must follow the revocation of news excerpts from the original media that have been revoked.
- Repeal of news must be accompanied by reasons for withdrawal and announced to the public.
- Cyber media must clearly distinguish between news and advertising products.
- Every news / article / content which is an advertisement and / or paid content must include an “advertorial” description., "advertisement", “ads”, “sponsored”, or another word which explains that the news / article / content is an advertisement.
Cyber media must respect copyright as regulated in applicable laws and regulations.
- Inclusion of Guidelines
Cyber media must clearly and clearly include this Cyber Media Coverage Guidelines in the media.
The final assessment of the dispute regarding the implementation of these Cyber Media Reporting Guidelines was resolved by the Press Council.
(These guidelines were signed by the Press Council and the press community in Jakarta, 3 February 2012).